Setting placeholder text for Django TextField

05 December 2019

Recently I struggled with a Django form. The requirement was to specify a placeholder html data attribute. This task is very standard but the search terms involved made it tricky to find a solution online. I provide it here to help others.

Let’s say you have an Event model. The description may be very long so you choose the TextField column type to store it.

class Event(gis_models.Model):
    title = models.CharField()
    description = models.TextField(blank=True, null=True)

We may then make a form class for our Event model.

class EventForm(forms.ModelForm):
    description = forms.CharField(
        required=False,
        widget=forms.Textarea(
            attrs={"placeholder": "Add a description of your event",}
        ),
    )

    class Meta:
        model = Event
        fields = [ "title", "description", ]

Let’s dissect this:

  • We override the default rendering for the description. If we omitted description = forms... we would still get a working form input.
  • This form field override consists of two parts for us, the Field and the widget.
    • If you review the list of Built-in Field classes you’ll notice there is no field for a text or TextField. So instead the closest is CharField which works for strings.
    • Reviewing the Widgets handling input of text you see the best widget for our case is the Textarea (note the case). It produces an html5 <textarea> tag.
  • For this example we are making the description optional. In django form classes, any explicitly defined fields are considered required, so we need to mark it not required to make it optional.
  • The forms.Textarea accepts a keyword argument attrs. This is a dictionary of html data attributes that you want to attach. Here we specify the placeholder text.
  • Finally in the Meta we are required to pass in either fields or exclude specifying what model fields we want in our form.

For completeness here is a django template that would work with the previous form. It uses some bootstrap4.

<form action="/" method="post">
  {% csrf_token %}
  {{ form.non_field_errors }}
  <formgroup>
    {{ form.title.errors }}
    {{ form.title.label_tag }}
    {{ form.title }}
  </formgroup>
  <formgroup>
    {{ form.description.errors }}
    {{ form.description }}
  </formgroup>
  <input type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" value="Submit" />
</form>

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